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National Highways with the towns served:

National Highways:

Length: 365.38 km

  • NH-61 - Kohima, Wokha, Tseminyu, Wokha, Mokokchung, Changtongya, Tuli
  • NH-39 - Kohima, Dimapur, Chumukedima, Medziphema
  • NH-36 - Dimapur

State Highways

Length: 1094.60 km

  • Chakabama-Mokokchung Via Chazuba and Zunheboto
  • Kohima-Meluri
  • Mokokchung-Mariani
  • Mokokchung-Tuensang
  • Namtola-Mon
  • Tuensang-Mon-Naginimora
  • Tuensang-Kiphiri-Meluri
  • Wokha-Merapani Road

Airways

  • Name of the airport - Dimapur
  • Distance from the State Capital - 70.0 km
  • Town Nearest to the Airport - Dimapur

Culture and Language

An Angami festival dance

There are a number of different tribes living in Nagaland, including the Lothas, Angami, Ao, Chakhesang , Chang, Kalya, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sema, Sumi, Sangtam, Yimchungru, and Zeliang. Of this large group, the Angamis, Aos, Lothas, and Sumis have the highest populations.

As would be expected with so many different groups, tribal and clan traditions and loyalties play an important part in the life of the Naga people. Weaving is a traditional art handed down through generations in Nagaland, and each of the major tribes has its own unique designs and colors, producing shawls, shoulder bags, decorative spears, table mats, wood carvings, and bamboo works. Tribal dances of the Nagas give an insight into the inborn reticence of the people, and various war dances and dances belonging to distinctive tribes serve as a major art form in Nagaland.

More than 80 percent of the people in the state live in rural areas. The Nagas speak 60 different dialects belonging to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. Nagamese, a variant language form of Assamese and other local dialects is the most widely spoken market language. One interesting aspect of the linguistic makeup of Nagaland is that every tribe has their own mother tongue language, but the various tribes are able to communicate with each other through the use of the unified Nagamese language. As such, Nagamese is not a mother tongue of any of the individual tribes and it is also not a written language. English, the official state language is widely spoken in official circles and is the medium for education in Nagaland. Hindi, the official language of the entire nation, is also spoken by many individuals in the state as well.

Religion

Christianity is the predominant religion in Nagaland. The census of 2001 recorded the state's Christian population at 1,988,349, which makes up about 90.02 percent of the state's population, and makes Nagaland one of the three Christian-majority states in India, and the only state where Christians form over 90 percent of the population. The state has a very high church attendance rate in both urban and rural areas, and some of the largest of Asia's churches dominate the skylines of the major cities of Nagaland, such as Kohima, Dimapur and Mokokchung.

Among Christians, Baptists are the predominant group, constituting more than 75 percent of the state's population. As a result of this strong presence, Nagaland is known as "the most populated Baptist state in the world," with an even greater Baptist population than Mississippi, where 55 percent of its population is Baptist. In addition to Baptists, Catholics, Revivalists, and Pentecostals are the other Christian denominations in the state. Catholics are found in significant numbers in parts of Wokha district, and also in the urban areas of Kohima and Dimapur.

Unlike the rest of India where their presence is much greater, Hinduism and Islam are minority religions in Nagaland, making up about 7.7 percent and 1.8 percent of the population respectively. A small minority of the population, less than 0.3 percent, still practice the traditional animist religions, and are mainly concentrated in Peren and some of the state's eastern districts.

Notes

  1. ↑ Verrier Elwin, The Nagas in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford University Press, 1969, ISBN 0195600045).
  2. ↑ Dawn of Peace in Nagaland Retrieved March 13, 2008.

References

  • Alfred, J. R. B. Fauna of Nagaland. Kolkata: Zoological Survey of India, 2006. ISBN 978-8181710956
  • Chiru, Samson Shekho. American Baptist Mission Integrating Agent of Nagas into Indian Union. Delhi: Sunrise Publications, 2007. ISBN 978-8187365518
  • Elwin, Verrier. The Nagas in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press, 1969. ISBN 0195600045
  • Rahman, S. A. The Beautiful India. Nagaland. New Delhi: Reference Press, 2006. ISBN 978-8184050035
  • State Human development report - Nagaland. Nagaland: Department of planning and coordination, 2004. OCLC 60372707
  • The Naga Nation and Its Struggle against Genocide - A Report. Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 1986. OCLC 16579531
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