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Notes

  1. ↑ Tabari and Kraemer.1989, 111.
  2. ↑ Petry and Daly 1998, 82.
  3. ↑ Lassner 2000, 253.
  4. ↑ Muir 1924, 529.
  5. ↑ Muir 1924, 531.
  6. ↑ Tabari and Kraemer 1989, 223.
  7. ↑ Muir 1924, 531 N1.

References

  • Lassner, Jacob. 2000. The Middle East Remembered: Forged Identities, Competing Narratives, Contested Spaces. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472110834.
  • Muir, William. 1924. The Caliphate: its rise, decline and fall: from orig. sources. Edinburgh, UK: Grant. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
  • Petry, Carl F., and M.W. Daly. 1998. The Cambridge History of Egypt. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521471374.
  • Ṭabarī, and Joel L. Kraemer. 1989. Incipient Decline. SUNY series in Near Eastern studies. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780887068744.

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